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Isikhwama sokuhlunga sothuli sihlukaniswa kanjani futhi sephukile?

Isikhathi: 2018-01-29

isikhwama sokuhlunga ukususa uthuli nokungcola endlini yesikhwama. Indlela yokususa uthuli isetshenziselwa kakhulu ukuhlunga uthuli ngaphezulu kwemidiya yokuhlunga. Isici esibonakalayo ukusebenza okuphezulu kokususa uthuli, ukuqothula uthuli esikhwameni sokuhlunga, okuhlushwa ukuhambisa ngokuvamile kuhlala kuzinzile ukufinyelela ku-50mg / m & sup3; ngezansi, noma kuze kufike ku-5mg / m & sup3;. Izidingo zanamuhla zokuvikela imvelo ziyanda futhi ziphakeme namhlanje, isikhwama Ukususwa kothuli lwendlu kunezinye izinzuzo ezingenakuqhathaniswa.

isikhwama sokuhlunga ngokuvamile ngumgcini womgcini, izinto zokuhlunga (isikhwama sothuli) nokulawulwa kwe-backflush nezinye izinhlelo ezisizayo. Isikhwama sothuli siyingxenye esemqoka yesikhwama sokuhlunga. Izinto ezibonakalayo, ukuthunga, ukusetshenziswa kanye nokunakekela kuhlobene nokusebenza kahle nangokuzinzile kohlelo lonke. Umthamo womoya, ukugxilisa uthuli, ibhalansi yomthwalo, izinga lokushisa legesi le-flue kanye nomswakama, ukukhohlakala Kwezinye izinto kungadala ukwehluleka kwesikhwama sothuli. Phakathi kwezinhlobo eziningi zokwehluleka kokufaka uthuli, ukugqoka uhlobo olujwayelekile futhi kuhlobene kakhulu nokwakhiwa, ukwenziwa kanye nokusetshenziswa komqoqi wothuli.

Izinhlobo nezimbangela zomonakalo wokugcotshwa kothuli

Ukulimala kokuhluleka kwesikhwama sothuli kuvame ukugqokwa, ukusha nokugqwala.

isikhwama esikhwameni sokuhlunga kusho ukusetshenziswa kwesikhwama sothuli, ngenxa yokuhlunga okuphindaphindayo nokushintshwa kwesimo se-backflush, ukugcotshwa kwesikhwama nokushintshwa kwesaka, isikhwama kanye nesigaxa sothuli noma okunye ukunyakaza okuhlobene phakathi kwezakhi, ukugeleza okukhulu kothuli oluphezulu okubangelwa ukuguguleka kokugqokwa kwendawo nokuqhuma .

Ukugcwala kwashunqa kubangelwa ukuphathwa kwegesi yokushisa engejwayelekile ye-flue, noma izinhlayiya zokushisa eziphakeme, izinga lokushisa liphezulu kunokubekezelela lokushisa kwesihlungi, ukuze izingxenye eziphakeme zokulimala nokulimazeka kuqhubeke.

Ukugqwala kwesikhwama kubangelwa yizakhi eziyingozi ekuphenduleni kwamakhemikhali weflue i-flue, okuholela ekunciphiseni izakhiwo zemishini zokulimaza nokuhluleka. Ukugqwala okungaphezulu kwezikhwama zokuhlunga kuvela ekuqukweni kwegesi ye-flue edlula imibandela, kungahlukaniswa kube ukugqwala kwegesi nokugqwala koketshezi, ukwakheka kwegesi okulimazayo lapho kukhona uketshezi, okungenzeka kubange ukulimala esikhwameni sokuhlunga.

Ngenxa yobukhona bezinto eziwuketshezi ku-flue gesi (njenge-condensation), ukwakheka kokunamathisela uthuli, ukuvimba igebe lesikhwama sokuhlunga, okuholele ekutheni isikhwama sothuli kuholele ukwehluleka kothuli.

Isikhwama sothuli sigqoka ukuvimbela nokwelashwa

Ukugcotshwa kothuli luhlobo oluphambili lokwehluleka kokwephulwa kwesikhwama. Ngemuva kwezinye izinhlobo zomonakalo odalwe yizimbobo ezincane, ukushayiswa kwesifufula somoya esinothuli nakho kudala ukugqokwa. Ukugqoka nesakhiwo sokuhlunga sesikhwama, inhlangano yokugeleza komoya, ukuhlanza nokuhlanza kuhlobene kakhulu. Izindwangu zokuhlunga zesikhwama sodaka zihlukaniswe yilezi zimo ezinhlanu ezilandelayo: isikhwama esikhwameni, isikhwama esikhwameni sokuhlunga, isikhwama phansi, isikhwama phansi nesikhwama sokuhlunga ngaphakathi, izingxenye ezihlukile zokugqoka nokudabukisa kwesimo kanye nezici zalo ezihlukile, isixazululo Futhi sihlukile.

Ukugcwala isikhwama somlomo wesaka:

Isikhwama somlomo wesikhwama sigqoka okuningi ephaketheni phansi singu-400mm noma ngaphansi, ikakhulu kusuka ngaphakathi nangaphandle kokutholwa okonakele. Lolu hlobo lokugqoka ngaphambi kwesikhathi lubangelwa ikakhulu ukushaya komoya okuphoqekile okuhlukaniswe phakathi kwesikhwama, ukufafaza ngqo okubangelwa izindonga eziseceleni zesikhwama sokuhlunga. Ohlangothini oluchezukisayo lokuguguleka okuqhubekayo komoya ocindezelwe, isikhwama ngaphakathi koqimba lokuqala lomoya ocindezelwe ukuqhuma, bese kuthi ukushaywa kwendwangu, bese kuthi ekugcineni indawo yokuhlunga nayo ishaye. Lapho uhlangothi lwesikhwama sokuhlunga lonakalisiwe, ukumelana kwengxenye eyonakele kuzokwehla, bese kuthi igesi yokugcwala enothuli ingene ngokushesha isuka engxenyeni elimele bese ikhahlela leyo ngxenye eyonakalisiwe nge-diagonally ukuze yakhe i-voids entsha kanye ne-flue gas inlet entsha. Ukulimala komlomo okwenziwa ngomlomo, noma ngabe ikhanda lesikhwama kanye nokuhlukaniswa komzimba wesikhwama. Umonakalo onjalo ucindezelwa kakhulu umfutho womoya uphezulu kakhulu, ukushaya i-tube skew emfushane, ukuguqulwa kweplanethi yezimbali nezinye izimbangela, uma sekutholakele ukugqoka okunjalo, ngaphambi kwesikhwama esisha, ukushaya kwe-blow-back kufanele kuhlolwe noma kulungiswe.

Ukugqokwa kwesikhwama somzimba:

Ukugqokwa kwesikhwama sothuli, ukugoba okujwayelekile kwesihlwathi okuphakathi, kuhlukaniswe ngamacala ambalwa:

Uma izimpawu zomonakalo zivela ngaphakathi ngaphandle, zilimele endaweni yokuxhumana yesikhwama sebha yezikebhe, okubonisa ukuthi isikhwama esilinganiselwe ibha noma ukugqwala, isikhwama sokuhlunga esigqokwa noma umfutho womjovo siphezulu kakhulu, umjovo uvame kakhulu, ukuze isihlungi isikhwama nesikhwama sezingubo ezaphukile Izingosi zokuxhumana eziqhekekile ukuqhuma. Izinkinga ezinjalo zokugqoka zingaxazululwa ngokushintsha ikheji lesikhwama noma ngokulungisa i-blower.

Uma izimpawu zomonakalo zisuka ngaphandle ziye ngaphakathi, zilimele emgqonyeni wekheji endaweni yokuxhumana. Kuvame ukubonakala ngaphandle kwesikhwama sokuhlunga (esiseduze nesikhwama sokuhlunga noma selungu lebhokisi) futhi izikhwama zinemisuka yokugqoka neyokudabula. Lolu hlobo lokugqokwa ukuguquguquka kwesikhwama noma ukufakwa kwesikhwama sokuhlunga lincane kakhulu, isikhwama sokuhlunga sikhulu kakhulu noma ububanzi abukhulu, sibangela isikhwama sokuhlunga nesikhwama sokuhlunga, isikhwama sokuhlunga nokuxhumana phakathi kwezingxenye zebhokisi lothuli kwinqubo ye-backflush efanelekile esikhwameni sokuhlunga Ukuqunjelwa ngakunye ukuze ugqoke. Ngokuvamile kudingeka ungene esikhundleni sezikhwama zezikhwama, futhi uqinisekise ikhwalithi yokufaka. inqubo yokuhlelwa kwesikhwama sokuhlunga, kufanele igweme ukuhlukaniswa kwesikhwama sokuhlunga nebanga phakathi kwesikhwama sokuhlunga nesakhiwo sebhokisi kuncane kakhulu.

Ingxenye engezansi yokugqoka kwesikhwama sokuhlunga

Ukugqoka okungaphansi kwesikhwama sokuhlunga kuvame kakhulu phansi kwesikhwama sokuhlunga kuya phezulu okungama-300mm noma ngaphansi, gqoka okuningi ohlangothini olulodwa, okuphansi kakhulu, kuyakhanyisa kancane. Intambo yokuthunga yasendaweni izogqokwa, akukho ntambo yokugqoka yokuthunga iqinile. Ukugqoka okunjalo nokudiliza ngenxa yokushintshwa kwebhodi yezimbali, ukuhlukaniswa kwemgodi kuncane kakhulu, ukuguqulwa kwesikhwama sendawo, isikhwama sokuhlunga sikude kakhulu nezinye izimbangela. Isikhwama somuntu ngamunye nesihluzi sodonga lwebhokisi lonakalisiwe. Umonakalo onjalo udinga ukubheka ngokuqinile izinga lebhodi yezimbali, futhi kufanele usebenzise ikheji elenziwe kahle.

Ukugqalwa kwendandatho engxenyeni engezansi yesikhwama sokuhlunga:

Engxenyeni engezansi yesikhwama sokuhlunga esakhiwe yizingxenyeni zangaphandle zokufaka izindandatho. Lolu hlobo lokugqoka nokudilizwa kungenxa yothuli lwe-flue gesi ekuguguleni kwasendaweni okubangelwa yisikhwama sokuhlunga, okubonisa ukuhamba kwendawo yokuhlunga komoya kukhulu kakhulu. Okuvame kakhulu kusiqoqelalwazi sothuli olusezingeni eliphezulu noma okokususa uthuli olunamandla, lapho isikhwama sokuhlunga silimele, ukuguguleka komonakalo we-soot diagonal, njengoba umonakalo uqhubeka wanda, ukulimala okukhulu esikhwameni sokuhlunga kungadala ukuqhuma kwendandatho.

Ingxenye yangaphansi yesikhwama yokugqoka: kuvame kakhulu ukuxhumana nendawo yezikhwama, iningi umehluko phakathi kwekheji kanye nobubanzi bekheji lekheji likhulu kakhulu, okuphumela ekuhlanzweni kwesikhwama nokuhlunga lapho izinga lokuguqulwa likhulu kakhulu, kanye nomonakalo wesikhwama sezikhukhula. Ukufakwa esikhundleni kwekheji yezinga eliphakeme kungasombululwa.

Ngaphandle ezansi kwengubo yokuhlunga:

Indawo ephukile izimpawu ezisobala zokugqokwa nokuklebhula. Ngaphansi kwentambo yokuthunga, indwangu yokuhlunga igqokwa, ibucayi lapho phansi kwesikhwama kulimele noma kucinyiwe konke. Lolu hlobo lokugqoka nokudilizwa kungenxa yezinga lezinto ezibonakalayo ku-hopper liphezulu kakhulu, izinhlayiya zomoya zothuntu zigeleza ngqo kwizikhwama, okuholela ekugqokeni nasekuqhekekeni. Ngokwandisa umthamo wokukhuphuka komlotha, lungisa uhlelo lokususa i-ash hopper, ukugwema ukuqongelela uthuli luphezulu kakhulu, kungavimba ukwakheka kwe-hop hopper ngaphakathi esikhwameni sokuhlunga.

Ngaphansi kwesikhwama sokuhlunga esigqokwa kakhulu ezansi kwekhokhoji lesikhwanyana kuncane kakhulu noma isikhwama eside sokuhlunga, uhlelo lwekhwama lezikhwama lungasekela kuphela phansi kwesikhwama. Ukuhlanzwa kwesikhwama sokuhlunga kanye nokushintshwa kwesihlungi kubangele lapho phansi kwesikhwama kushona, okuholela ekujuleni kwangaphakathi kokugqokwa kwesikhwama.

Isaka lokugcwala ngaphakathi kokugqokwa:

Ukulimala ngaphakathi kwesikhwama kungaphezu kobubanzi bengaphandle lekheji futhi umehluko wesikhwama mkhulu kakhulu, okuholela ekuhlanzweni kwesikhwama sokuhlunga kanye nokuhlunga kwe-switching swing amplitude kukhulu kakhulu, isikhwama ngaphakathi nesikhwama sokuphambana kwe-cage kungukuphazamiseka .

Isikhwama ngaphakathi kwesakhiwo esonakalisiwe ekhejini lesikhwama, kukhona iminonjana yokugqwala lapho sigqokwa, ikakhulukazi ukugqwala kobuso besikhwama okwakhiwe nge-angled oxide ungqimba, ingaphezulu lekheji lesikhwama ngalesi sikhathi njenge-sandpaper, uma nje wonke uhlanza isikhwama kuzoba isikhwama esikhulu sokwehlukana, isikhwama sokugcina sokugqoka. Ukusetshenziswa kwezikhwama ezisezingeni eliphakeme ezifaniswe ukuhlunga izikhwama kugwema ukugqokwa ngaphakathi kwezikhwama zokuhlunga.

Isikhwama sothuli siyinhliziyo yakho wonke oqongelela uthuli, ukwehluleka kwesikhwama sokuhlunga kuzokwenza ukuthi yonke ifoni ingasebenzi kahle. Umklamo oyisihluthulelo wesikhwama sokuhlunga kanye nokusebenzisa uthuli, ukukhiqiza, ikhwalithi yokufaka. Inqubo yokugqoka iqala endaweni, kodwa lapho nje kwakhiwa umgodi omncane wokugqoka, isakazeka ngokushesha, okudala ukuba kuphuke isikhwama esikhudlwana. Ngakho-ke, ukuqinisa ukusebenza kokuhlola, ukuhlolwa, ukutholwa kokuqala kokugqoka okuncane nokuklebhula, kepha futhi nokugwema ukudala isikhwama esikhulu sokuhlunga sigqoka into ebalulekile.

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